Energy needs are indispensable for the socio- economic development of any country as it is used for mainly industrial, agricultural and domestic purposes. Pakistan owing to its soaring population is currently facing energy crisis since almost half a decade. With 9% annual demand rate and 7% supply rate, the country falls short of 5000 to 6000MW of energy annually.
Over population, poor infrastructure, mismanagement of energy resources, water shortage, circular debt and fluctuating oil prices in the international markets are the contributing factors in the energy crises. According to a survey, Pakistan’s total power capacity in 2017 was 25100MW whereas the electricity demand was 35504MW, creating a shortfall that year during summers. Furthermore the household energy consumers contribute to the shortfall by wasting 25% of energy by not switching off their lights and fans when not in use. The energy crisis makes a negative impact on the economy as it decreases the agricultural and industrial operations which results in the decline of foreign investments and GDP. An energy crisis also contributes in unemployment which has an adverse effect on the economy. Besides causing energy price hike ,an energy crisis can contribute in global warming and have negative impacts on the environment and biodiversity. Pakistan is a blessed country as it is rich in resources however energy demands are mostly met from non-renewable resources such as coal, oil and natural gas etc. However energy needs are infrequently met by using renewable resources. How resources are used and managed to overcome the energy short fall depends on how the government governs these resources. The government of Pakistan should take appropriate measures to improve the energy infrastructure besides making use of renewable resources to meet energy needs. Putting the blame on others and by only holding seminars and conferences on energy crisis will not get the job done. The government should instead try to look for practical solutions.
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