Hindu Nationalism is Threatening Pluralism and Democracy Making Kashmir a Nightmare for India

The incident of September 11, 2001 shifted the international community’s effort initially in resisting the violence and extremism emerging from Al- Qaeda and Taliban and later from ISIS. However, it is strange how the international community has been averting its eyes from the violence of Hindu extremism supported by India’s major political party BJP.  The return of Narendra Modi for a second term due to BJP’s tremendous victory proves the fact that Hindutva has finally influenced the Indian populace.  There are many examples of Hindu violent extremism such as the Australian missionary Graham Staines being burnt alive in 1999 and the 2002 Gujarat massacre.   The religious, cultural and linguistic diversity of India has always been supported by its political structure promising liberty and equal rights for all its citizens. Nevertheless, incidents such as the Gujarat massacre reveal how the Hindu rights movement can potentially threaten the Pluralistic values of India. Today with Modi in power the RSS’s ideology promoting violence and extremism is gaining momentum in India as never before. Paul Marshall in 2004 warned the world that RSS has millions of members including Vidya Bharati educational wing literally indoctrinating two million students with Punya Bhoomi Bharat. In furtherance of Punya  Bhoomi Bharat booklets were distributed containing the map of India encompassing Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet and portions of Maymar.  Punya Bhoomi Bharat literally translates the Indian holy land.  Considering the fact that lack of a strong opposition is harmful for democracy Modi’s authoritarian regime is bound to create turbulence in India.   With the abrogation of article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, enforcement of curfews, communication blockade and increased militarization Modi has invited trouble for India. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent AQIS has established its head quarter in Assam.  Therefore, some international   observers fear that India could one day become a horrible example like Syria.  Furthermore, it is feared that Kashmir can become a rallying point for jihad eventually posing a threat to the United States. Therefore, the international community is really concerned in convincing India to stop its atrocities in Kashmir.  The Kashmir issue has finally been internationalized after 50 years as Pakistan has decided to take this issue to the international court of justice. Furthermore, the United Nations has also urged India to put an end to the communication shut down in Kashmir.   According to pro- Taliban views the US plan of pulling its troops out of Afghanistan sends a strong message inside Kashmir of resisting India just like the Taliban resisted the allied forces. This view further suggests that Pakistan should pressurize the US to resolve the Kashmir issue by disassociating the Afghan peace talks.  Contrary to this view some analysts believe that according to the desire of the United Sates and India Afghanistan should not be associated with the Kashmir issue. In light of this view the Taliban and the Afghan President have agreed on not associating Afghanistan with India- Pakistan relations.  Moreover, Pakistan has to support the US exit plan in Afghanistan as its disassociation from the Afghan peace talks can strain US- Pak relations.   Therefore, the argument that Pakistan can pressurize the United Sates by discontinuing its role in the Afghan peace talks does not carry a lot of weight.  Despite the fact that the international community is sincere in stopping the Kashmir conflict from becoming a nuclear flash point India has not been fully pressurized.  UAE has supported the Indian decision whereas the Saudi Kingdom has called it a bilateral issue proving the fact that states have their own vested interests.   Saudi Arabia has $ 100 billion Investment in India whereas the bilateral trade between UAE and India is expected to exceed $ 100 billion till 2020.  It is obviously true that securing ones national interests is the first priority of every state. Therefore considering India’s economic influence international community may refrain from pressurizing India.  However, religious extremism fuelled by Modi will not only harm India’s pluralist democracy but will also damage its economy and foreign policy.

Comments


This post has been seen 99 times.

Written By
More from Anonymous

Quaid –e- Azam: The Father of the Nation Paying Tribute to a leader with Extraordinary Brilliance

Born on 25th December 1876 Mohammad Ali Jinnah is remembered as one...
Read More

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *